Probiotics (pro = promoting; biotic = life) are health-promoting that, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, are “live microorganisms which when administered in adequate amounts, confer health benefits on the host”. Probiotics are the ‘good bacteria’ that when consumed, stimulate several health physiological benefits including:
- Relief of gastrointestinal discomfort: bloating, constipation and/or diarrhea
- Enhanced vitamin synthesis (esp. vitamins B and K)
- Increased mineral absorption
- Elevated gut epithelial wall integrity
- Reduction of pathogenic bacterial infections (Helicobacter pylori, Samonella etc.)
- Immune support
- Stress relief
- Alleviation of symptoms of metabolic syndrome (high cholesterol, adiposity, high blood
sugar, fatty liver, etc.)
- Enhance bile metabolism
- And many more.
There are several types of probiotics, each with their own set of.